Development of Measuring Instruments for Lung Vital Capacity and Human Respiratory Rate Based on Fiber Optic Sensors
Keywords:fiber optic , laser diode OPT101 , vital lung capacity , respiratory rate
The development of measuring instruments for vital lung capacity and human respiratory rate based on the fiber-optic sensor has a system consisting of a laser diode as a light source, optical fiber as a waveguide, and OPT101 as a photodetector. This research consists of three stages: hardware design, software design, and data analysis. Each component used is tested and then tested on the entire system to determine each component's performance when used together. In the software system, the analog signal in the form of voltage from OPT101 is converted into an ADC value by an analog-to-digital converter. Based on the ADC value obtained, the threshold value is determined as the threshold for reading the respiratory rate. The number of ADC values during the measurement of vital lung capacity is then converted to volume. Testing of measuring instruments is carried out by comparing the results of instruments developed with a standard medical measuring device. The results of the tests and analyses that have been carried out have obtained an accuracy value of 92.62% for the measurement of vital lung capacity, 95.14% for the measurement of respiratory rate, and 92.62% for the measurement of the respiratory rate of variations in activity.
AM, U., Mathew, E., Viswam, A. K. S., & PA, S. (2020). Vital Capacity Measurement using Intensity Modulated Optical Fiber Sensor. Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 17(3), 183–187.
Damayanti, S. (2016). Study Komparatif Kapasitas Vital Paru dan Saturasi Oksigen pada Atlet Futsal dan Non Atlet di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta, 3(2), 23–34.
Fidanboylu, K., & Efendioglu, H. S. (2009). Fiber optic sensors and their applications. 5th International Advanced Technologies Symposium (IATS'09), 6, 2–3.
Guang, W., Baraldo, M., & Furlanut, M. (1995). Calculating percentage prediction error: a user's note. Pharmacological Research, 32(4), 241–248.
Heidaryan, E. (2019). A note on model selection based on the percentage of accuracy-precision. Journal of Energy Resources Technology, 141(4).
Idachaba, F., Ike, D. U., & Hope, O. (2014). Future trends in fiber optics communication. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, 1, 2–4.
Ikhsan, L. S., & Harmadi, H. (2019). Rancang Bangun Alat Ukur Frekuensi Pernapasan Manusia Berbasis Sensor Serat Optik. Jurnal Fisika Unand, 8(4), 301–307.
Lim, M. W. (2006). The history of extracorporeal oxygenators. Anaesthesia, 61(10), 984–995.
Mead, J. (1980). Dysanapsis in normal lungs assessed by the relationship between maximal flow, static recoil, and vital capacity. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 121(2), 339–342.
Meier, M., Romano, V., & Feurer, T. (2007). Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation. Applied Physics A, 86(3), 329–334.
Organization, W. H. (2019). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death
Sabri, N., Aljunid, S. A., Salim, M. S., & Fouad, S. (2015). Fiber optic sensors: short review and applications. Recent Trends in Physics of Material Science and Technology, 299–311.
Santoso, D. R. (2017). Pengukuran Stress Mekanik Berbasis Sensor Piezoelektrik: Prinsip Desain dan implementasi. Universitas Brawijaya Press.
Saputro, B. H., Harmadi, H., & Wildian. (2014). Analisis Pergeseran Mikro Menggunakan Sensor Serat Optik Fd 620-10. Jurnal Ilmu Fisika| Universitas Andalas, 6(1), 36–39.
Suraya, E. (2018). Rancang Bangun Sistem Monitoring Pernapasan Berbasis Serat Optik Singlemode-Multimode-Singlemode (SMS) pada Matras. Faculty of Industrial Technology.
Umara, A.F., Imanuel SM., Edi, S., Dwi K., dan L. E. (2021). Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Sistem Respirasi. Yayasan Kita Menulis.
Wanger, J., Clausen, J. L., Coates, A., Pedersen, O. F., Brusasco, V., Burgos, F., Casaburi, R., Crapo, R., Enright, P., van der Grinten, C. P. M., Gustafsson, P., Hankinson, J., Jensen, R., Johnson, D. C., MacIntyre, N., McKay, R., Miller, M. R., Navajas, D., Pellegrino, R., & Veigi, G. (2005). Standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes. European Respiratory Journal, 26(3), 511–522. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.05.00035005
Wheatley, I. (2018). Respiratory rate 3: how to take an accurate measurement. Nursing Times, 114(7), 21–22.
Yin, S., Ruffin, P. B., & Francis, T. S. (2017). Fiber optic sensors. CRC press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Mega Roza Lia, harmadi harmadi, Afdhal Muttaqin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Please find the rights and licenses in JIF (Jurnal Ilmu Fisika).
The non-commercial use of the article will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
2. Author's Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).
3. User Rights
JIF's spirit is to disseminate articles published are as free as possible. Under the Creative Commons license, JIF permits users to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work for non-commercial purposes only. Users will also need to attribute authors and JIF on distributing works in the journal.
4. Rights of Authors
Authors retain the following rights:
- Copyright, and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
- The right to use the substance of the article in future own works, including lectures and books,
- The right to reproduce the article for own purposes, provided the copies are not offered for sale,
- The right to self-archive the article.
If the article was jointly prepared by other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.
This agreement can be terminated by the author or JIF upon two months's notice where the other party has materially breached this agreement and failed to remedy such breach within a month of being given the terminating party's notice requesting such breach to be remedied. No breach or violation of this agreement will cause this agreement or any license granted in it to terminate automatically or affect the definition of JIF.
This agreement entitles the author to no royalties or other fees. To such extent as legally permissible, the author waives his or her right to collect royalties relative to the article in respect of any use of the article by JIF or its sublicensee.
JIF will publish the article (or have it published) in the journal if the article's editorial process is successfully completed and JIF or its sublicensee has become obligated to have the article published. JIF may conform the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization, referencing and usage that it deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers.